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Monday, August 3, 2009

About Urdu اردو کے بارے میں

سلام دوستو

اردو پاکستان کی قومی زبان، اور پچاس کروڑ سے زائد افراد کی مشترکہ زبان ہے۔ جب کہ ہندی کو ملا کر یہ تعداد ڈیڑھ ارب تک پہنچ جاتی ہے۔

A Brief History of Urdu

Pakistani girls make patterns with henna, in Multan, Pakistan on Saturday, Nov. 13, 2004 in preparation for Eid al-Fitr, festival to mark the end of the Muslim holy fasting month of Ramadan. (AP Photo/Khalid Tanveer)The word "URDU" is a Turkish word and it means "an army or legion". Modern Urdu has taken almost 900 years to develop to its present form. The old Urdu was a mixture of Turkish, Persian and Arabic and was the language of the most powerful warrior tribes of Central Asia. These tribes would invade, conquer and occupy areas within easy reach for their wealth, gold, silver and precious stones. Wherever these tribes went, they took their language which had an amazing mingling and absorbing local words and proverbs.

Scholars, learned men and tribesmen from Central Asia brought 'Old Urdu', called 'Reekhta, to the Indian Subcontinent early in the 12th century AD. In the late 1400 and early 1500, under the patronage of the Moghales, modern Urdu started taking shape to be used in poetry, prose and plays.A Pakistani Hindu girl (R) is watched by her family as she lights clay 'diyas' (earthen lamps) at her home in Karachi, 01 November 2005, during celebrations of the Hindu Festival of Diwali. The festival marks the home coming of the Hindu God, Lord Rama after killing the evil King Ravana, symbolising the victory of good over evil and leading the people from darkness to light. ASIF HASSAN/AFP/Getty Images

Pakistani participants hold lamps during an anti-TB day rally as they march in Karachi, 26 March 2006. World Health Organization (WHO) TB Control Coordinator Ammanullah Ansari said that as many as 1086 million people across the globe are infected with the disease.Urdu is written from right to left just like Arabic and Persian. Urdu has 39 basic letters and 13 extra characters, all together 52 and most of these letters are from Arabic and a small quantity from Persian. It has almost all the 'sounds' available in any other language spoken in the world.

Urdu/Hindi today by Viv Edwards

Following partition in 1947, Urdu became the official language of Pakistan but there are also large numbers of speakers in India. Well over a 100 million people use it either as a first or second language. Hindi is one of the official languages of India. It is the first language of an estimated 400 million people, and is spoken as a second language by a further 90 million people. READ MORE ...

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